São Paulo comes in 2nd place, with an 11.5% share of total production. The Portuguese court were fleeing the Napoleonic Invasion of Portugal (1807). In 2017, Minas accounted for 54.3% of the total national coffee production (1st place), Espírito Santo accounted for 19.7% (second place) and São Paulo, 9.8% (third place). The livestock industry is represented primarily by cattle raised for milk and beef. More than a century after arriving to Espírito Santo, the East Pomeranian continues to be spoken and remains an important part of Espírito Santo's heritage for many people. There is debate as to the origin of the term capixaba, the unofficial demonym for those born in Espírito Santo. Espiritu Santo, with many wrecks and reefs to be explored, is a very popular tourist destination for divers. During the Vargas Era, state governors were indirectly elected by Congress. The 2012 National Research by Household Sample census revealed the following numbers: 1,835,000 White (50.45%), 1,448,000 Brown (Multiracial) (39.81%), 336,000 Black (9.25%), 7,000 Asian (0.19%), 11,000 Indigenous (0.30%). The recent construction of new aircraft parking boxes on the aprons has increased the airport’s operational efficiency. This page was last edited on 31 May 2020, at 01:17. Données [modifier | modifier le code] La région compte 587 756 habitants pour 8 843 km 2. Its capital is Vitória, and its largest city is Serra. Espírito Santo, 9th place, had a production of 4.1 million m³. During the colonial era, there were periods of gold rush when agriculture was neglected, leading to food shortages, but not much gold was found in Espírito Santo as in the neighbouring states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. Il n'existe pas, dans l'État d'Espirito Santo, d'industrie digne d'être mentionnée, sauf deux filatures et tissés de coton, une fabrique de savon, une d'huile et une brasserie â Victoria. Brazil was already the 2nd largest producer of the fruit in the world, currently in 3rd place, losing only to India and Ecuador, and produced 6,7 million tons in the same year. In 1556, after the arrival of European missionaries, the cities Serra, Nova Almeida and Santa Cruz were founded. On the other hand, the connection of Cachoeiro de Itapemirim to the city of Rio de Janeiro, by paved highway, allowed the incorporation of the region into the Rio de Janeiro milk basin and facilitated the export of agricultural products, such as coffee, corn, manioc, rice and vegetables. After the Independence of Brazil in 1822, Espírito Santo's provincial status was kept, and it was headed by an appointed provincial president. In the south, dairy farming is practiced, and milk is sold, through cooperatives, in the markets of Rio de Janeiro and Vitória. "Capixaba" is Tupi for "corn hair", reportedly because the blond hair of the European settlers reminded the Amerindian natives of the golden color of corn. To this day they continue centuries old customs within their communities. The main river serving the state is the Doce (English: Sweet River). It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), the state of Bahia (N), the state of Minas Gerais (N and W), and the state of Rio de Janeiro (S). São Mateus, in the North of Espírito Santo, was the best placed city in the Southeast, as the 6th largest producer of roundwood for paper and cellulose in the country. Afonso Cláudio de Freitas Rosa was appointed the first governor of the State by the provisional government. It was founded in 1551. With 46,180 square kilometers (17,830 sq mi), it is about the size of Estonia, or half the size of Portugal, and has a variety of habitats including coastal planes, lakes, mountainous forests, mangroves and many others. Tyrolean settlers were both of German and Italian language and concentrated in the region of Santa Leopoldina and Santa Teresa. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. There are important reserves of granite and an incipient extraction of natural gas and oil. [citation needed], The flag of Espírito Santo is a horizontal triband of blue, white and pink, with the state motto,"Trabalha e Confia" (English: "Work and trust [God]") written across the middle band. [citation needed]. Its area includes the uninhabited offshore islands of … Chaque personne née dans l'État est connue sous le nom de Capixaba ou Espirito Santo. Français : L'Espírito Santo est un état brésilien. After the independence of Brazil in 1822, it became a province of the newly-established Empire of Brazil, and after Brazil became a republic in 1889, it was granted statehood. [7], The population density was 72.7 inhabitants per square kilometer (188/sq mi). Vitória (Portuguese pronunciation: [viˈtɔɾjɐ], Victory), spelled Victória until the 1940s, is the capital of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil.It is located on a small island within a bay where a number of rivers meet the sea. In 2018, U$ 920 million were traded in the sale of cellulose to the foreign market, the third strongest Espírito Santo product in the export balance. This motto is a truncated version of the Jesuit motto "work as if everything depended on you, and trust as if everything depended on God", well spread by Spanish Catholic missionary José de Anchieta, and was chosen by Jerônimo Monteiro, who was Governor of Espírito Santo from 1908 to 1912. About industry, Espírito Santo in 2017 had an industrial GDP of R$ 21.3 billion, equivalent to 1.8% of the national industry. Following the elevation of Brazil to a constituent kingdom of United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves in 1815, prompted by the transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Espírito Santo was elevated to a province. The port of Vitória is the most difficult to access among Brazilian port. El espíritu Santo se dedica a traer gloria para Dios, e impartir "gloria" en el corazón de los creyentes. El Espíritu Santo, el don de Dios "Dios es Amor" (Jn 4,8-16) y el Amor que es el primer don, contiene todos los demás. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Now their descendants control a good share of the local commerce. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. Coastal cuisine is an attraction, with moqueca capixaba and other local seafood dishes among traditional offerings. During the first three centuries of Portuguese colonialism, the main cash crop was sugarcane, until coffee, in high demand in Europe, overtook it in the mid 19th century. The capital, Vitória, is located on an island, next to Guarapari, which constitutes the state's main metro area. Italiano: Il Espírito Santo è uno stato del Brasile. A new runway and terminal were due at the end of 2007 but several budget inconsistencies were found and construction was halted. La Banco Do Estado Do Espirito Santo, ou Banestes, est une institution financière publique contrôlée par l'État qui possède plus de sept décennies d'expérience sur le marché financier brésilien. We have reviews of the best places to see in State of Espirito Santo. The ten largest producing municipalities had 22.9% of the country's production. In mineral extraction, there is exploration, in the Cachoeiro de Itapemirim area, of reserves of marbles, limestone and dolomite. Espírito Santo was the third largest producer state, with 9.4%. [citation needed]. [citation needed]. It's difficult to pin down the exact numbers of immigrants of each of these groups to Espírito Santo because they usually arrived under a common Austrian-Hungarian passport, or, in the case of the Tyroleans, under a Swiss or Italian passport. Paper production was 10.535 million tons in 2019. Slavery started losing its economic importance in Espírito Santo after that event. The Captaincy of Espírito Santo, a hereditary fief, was granted to Vasco Coutinho by Manuel I of Portugal around three decades after the Portuguese first landed in Brazil in 1500. Espírito Santo exports iron produced in Minas Gerais. A short period of democracy existed during the Second Brazilian Republic; Carlos Monteiro Lindenberg was elected governor. The state can be divided into two areas: the low lying coastline and the highland area known as Serra (where one can find the 2,890 meter tall Pico da Bandeira), which is part of the larger Serra do Caparaó range. Tourist destinations include coastal areas such as Guarapari, Jacaraípe and Manguinhos, and mountain retreats such as Domingos Martins. Espírito Santo is Brazil's highest steel-producing state. One of the most important lake districts in Brazil lies on the banks of the Doce River. Media in category "Lighthouses in Espírito Santo" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. Les villes principales de l'Espírito Santo (à l'exception de la région du Grand Vitória) sont Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Colatina, Guarapari, Linhares, Muniz Freire et Vila Velha. Democratic elections were held for the filling of every term, up to the incumbent, Renato Casagrande. [9][10][11][12] They founded many towns in the area and have significant influence on Capixaba society. L'Espírito Santo est situé à l'est de la région géographique sud-est du Brésil, qui contient aussi les États de São Paulo, du Minas Gerais et de Rio de Janeiro. However, Espírito Santo was still to play a significant part in the Brazilian abolitionist movement in the guise of the Espírito Santo's slave rebellion of 1848-1849, which demanded intervention of imperial troops. The location of the port in the city center also results in schedule complications, with limitations resulting from traffic constraints. This category has the following 9 subcategories, out of 9 total. Espírito Santo from Mapcarta, the free map. They have largely been absorbed into the Portuguese-Brazilian civilization, and few live in reservations or tribes. Italian food is also an important part of Capixaba cuisine. The state's subsoil is rich in minerals, including oil. [33], Location of State of Espírito Santo in Brazil. In the northern extremes of Espírito Santo is Itaúnas, in the municipality of Conceição da Barra, which is a tourist location known for its sand dunes and forró tradition. [13][14], Brazil is the world's biggest productor of sugarcane, with 672 million tons/year. Sands and marbles are also important products of Espírito Santo extractivism. [20], The state was the 5th largest producer of coconut in Brazil in 2009, with 157 million fruits. Find what to do today or anytime in December. Espírito Santo was first inhabited by Amerindians, whose different tribes were usually semi-nomadic, but there is no recorded history of pre-colonial Brazil. Espírito Santo's namesake is the Christian Holy Ghost (also known as the Holy Spirit). Subcategories. Il est limité par l'océan Atlantique à l'est, le Bahia au nord, le Minas Gerais au nord et à l'ouest et l'État de Rio de Janeiro au sud. Esta categoria inclui imagens relacionadas ao município de Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Espírito Santo - Brasil. These 5 sectors concentrate 69.9% of the state's industry. It was elevated to province status in 1821, following the 1815 elevation of Brazil to a constituent kingdom of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, prompted by the 1808 transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil. 60-75% of the population of Espírito Santo have Italian ancestry, making it the state with the highest percentage of Italian descendants in Brazil. C Cachoeiro Futebol Clube‎ (1 F) Catedral de Cachoeiro de Itapemirim‎ (2 F) The Captaincy of Espírito Santo was carved out of the Captaincy of Bahia in the 18th century, during the colonial rule of Brazil, and named after a 16th century captaincy covering roughly the same area of coast. North of Doce River is generally drier and also hot. Jesus Culture - Santo Espíritu (Holy Spirit) (Letras y canción para escuchar) - Nada vale mas que tu mi señor / No hay comparación eres nuestro vivir / Tu presencia / He probado, he visto de tu dulce amor / Donde yo libre soy y [25][26] In recent years, Espírito Santo has stood out in the production of oil and natural gas. They were the cities of Telêmaco Borba (PR), Três Lagoas (MS), Caravelas (BA), Mucuri (BA), Ortigueira (PR), São Mateus (ES), Dom Eliseu (PR), Nova Viçosa (BA), Water Clara (MS) and Ribas do Rio Pardo (MS).[28][29]. In 2012, the export basket of Espírito Santo was based on iron ore (52.49%), crude oil (10.87%), chemical pulp made of soda or sulphate wood (10.01%), stone or construction (5.58%) and coffee (4.42%). In the Itapemirim river valley, cement, sugar and alcohol and canned fruit industries are developed. Subcategories. [citation needed]. Espírito Santo was first inhabited by Amerindians, whose different tribes were usually semi-nomadic, but there is no recorded history of pre-colonial Brazil. The road system is organized from the BR-101, which crosses Espírito Santo from north to south, bordering the coast. Brazil produced 1,06 million tons in the same year. The peak of Bandeira, the third highest in the country, is another tourist destination. State of Espirito Santo Tourism: Tripadvisor has 211,505 reviews of State of Espirito Santo Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best State of Espirito Santo resource. Domingos Martins also hosts a Colonization Museum, where one can find old photos, artifacts and documents pertaining to that settlement movement. Ya hemos leído en Juan 14:26 las palabras de Jesús: «El Consolador, el Espíritu Santo, a quien el Padre enviará en mi nombre, él os enseñará todas las cosas, y os recordará todo lo que yo os he dicho». If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. Italian pasta and cheeses, like mozzarella, are produced locally. El Espíritu Santo, al llenar al creyente con un sentido de lo divino, le mueve a rendir este honor y alabanza. It is one of the few flags in the world which use the colour pink. After Cristiano Dias Lopes, Arthur Carlos Gerhard Santos, Élcio Álvares and Eurico Rezende were chosen in this fashion, the military government slowly redemocratized, culminating in the adoption of Brazil's current 1988 Constitution. [Elke Potthast-Hubold] Together, they correspond to 72.7% of the national production of 85.1 million m³. [citation needed], Originally, "capixaba" referred only to people from Vitória, but in common parlance it eventually came to refer to those born anywhere in the state. He arrived at the captaincy to serve his term on May 23, 1535, bringing a retinue of 60 soldiers, colonists, slaves and servants. He was followed by four other appointed governors (José Horácio Costa, Constante Gomes Sodré, Henrique da Silva Coutinho and Antônio Gomez Aguirre) until the first elected governor of Espírito Santo, Alfeu Adolfo Monjardim de Andrade e Almeida, was inaugurated on June 7, 1891. [citation needed], In 2003, more than 1.2 million passengers used the airport, and in 2004 this rose to some 1.25 million. [13][15][16][17], Espírito Santo was the 7th largest national producer of banana in 2018, with 408 thousand tons. Like today's Capixaba Italian community, they still hold on to many aspects of their ancestors' homeland's culture, as represented in festivals such as the Sommerfest in Domingos Martins. In the mineral extractive industry, in 2019, Rio de Janeiro was the largest producer of oil and natural gas in Brazil, with 71% of the total volume produced. more, State of Espirito Santo Bed and Breakfast, State of Espirito Santo Vacation Packages, Last Minute Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, Popular State of Espirito Santo Categories, State of Espirito Santo Ski-In / Ski-Out Hotels, Romantic Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 5-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 4-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 3-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, State of Espirito Santo Hotels with Free Parking, Pet Friendly Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, State of Espirito Santo Hotels with Pools, State of Espirito Santo Cheap Pet Friendly Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Pet Friendly Beach Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Beach Suite Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Cheap Beach Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Pet Friendly Campgrounds, Family Resorts in State of Espirito Santo, Resorts on the Ocean in State of Espirito Santo, All things to do in State of Espirito Santo, Commonly Searched For in State of Espirito Santo, Nature & Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Sights & Landmarks in State of Espirito Santo, Outdoor Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Tours & Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Theater & Concerts in State of Espirito Santo, Transportation in State of Espirito Santo, Boat Tours & Water Sports in State of Espirito Santo, Zoos & Aquariums in State of Espirito Santo, Amusement Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Beach & Pool Clubs in State of Espirito Santo, Horseback Riding Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Speed Boats Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Kayaking & Canoeing in State of Espirito Santo, Parasailing & Paragliding in State of Espirito Santo, Scuba & Snorkelling in State of Espirito Santo, Hiking & Camping Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Zipline & Aerial Adventure Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Other Outdoor Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Stand Up Paddleboarding in State of Espirito Santo, Canyoning & Rappelling Tours in State of Espirito Santo. The official state demonym, however, is "espírito-santense". Emperor Pedro II, who was on good terms with the provincial President, visited the Espírito Santo in 1860, during one of his tours of Brazil. Another reason for the subdued expansion was the colonial administration's prohibition of the laying roads leading into Minas Gerais, as it was feared gold would be smuggled through the state. In the mountainous regions in the south and southwest of the state, the tropical climate is strongly influenced by altitude, and the average temperatures are lower. Other important river basins include the Santa Maria River Basin, the northern branch of the inlets flowing into the sea near Vitória, and the Jucu River Basin, which flows into the sea at roughly the same place, but corresponds to the southern branch. [18][19], Espírito Santo was the largest brazilian producer of papaya in 2018, with 354 thousand tons. began operating in Vitória, facilitating American imports to the state of Espírito Santo. [21], In 2018 the state also produced cassava, in a small amount compared to Brazilian production: 115 thousand tons, with the country producing 17 million tons. As at the time they were Ottoman Empire citizens, they were commonly called 'Turcos' (Turks). Vitória is an important port for the exporting of iron and steel; the state is among the biggest steel-producing regions the world. It employs 168,357 workers in the industry. The bay on which it is located is extremely narrow, with rocks, reefs and mountains making it challenging for freighters and maritime cruisers to reach the docks. Le sud de l'Espírito Santo est l'une des quatre mésorégions de l'État de l'Espírito Santo. Germans were among the first colonists to cultivate land away from the coastal zone and were a strong influence. The area was colonized by the Portuguese starting in the 16th century, and received African slaves and, later, European immigrants of various origins. Large groups of Romani people settled in Espírito Santo's countryside in the late 19th century. Un nouvel hybride naturel de Cattleya (Orchidaceae) de l´état d'Espírito Santo (Brésil) Volume 9, Page 30 A new Maxillaria from Colombia and Ecuador. More recently developed are silviculture and fruit growing, with use for canned fruit and for cellulose production. Espírito Santo's main cities (outside of the Greater Vitória region) are Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Colatina, Linhares, São Mateus and Aracruz. Romanians (especially from Transylvania and Bukovina) and Roma usually arrived under Austrian passports. In 2020, Espírito Santo harvested almost 3 million tons. The main industrial sectors are: Extraction of Oil and Natural Gas (23.0%), Construction (20.5%), Industrial Services of Public Utility, such as Electricity and Water (12.3%), Metallurgy (7.5 %) and Pulp and Paper (6.6%). Espírito Santo's climate is tropical along the coast, with dry winters and rainy summers. Since construction of its first section, finished in 1946, the airport has undergone several expansions and modernizations, but current demand has surpassed its capacity of 560 thousand passengers a year. There are about 140 thousand barrels a day. According to the IBGE as of 2012, there were 3,637,000 people residing in the state. Espírito Santo is a state in southeastern Brazil. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Its capital is Vitória, and its largest city is Serra. — L'État d'Espirito Santo appartient à la même famille que l'État de Rio de Janeiro. Espírito Santo is home to the biggest community of East Pomeranian speakers in the world. Jahrhunderts in Espirito Santo (Brasilien) : eine Pilotstudie. Atual Farol de Regencia.jpg 1,200 × 1,600; 781 KB The first African slaves in Espírito Santo arrived in Vitória in 1609; and years of slavery ensued. The 10 largest industrial companies in Espírito Santo are: Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (mining), ArcelorMittal Tubarão (steel mill), Samarco Mineração (mining), Aracruz Celulose, Fertilizers Heringer, ArcelorMittal Sul Fluminense (steel mill), Escelsa (electricity distribution company), Garoto (the largest chocolate factory in Latin America and the most important industrial food company of the state) and Sol Coqueria. The flag was designed in 1908, with colours inspired by those of Our Lady of Victory (English: Nossa Senhora da Vitória), the state's patron saint, wearing traditional Portuguese clothing. However, after the 1964 coup d'état, governors were once again chosen by the national assembly. [citation needed]. In the north of the state, beef cattle are raised and fattened, and there the meat industry was developed, whose meat is mainly shipped to Rio de Janeiro, in addition to supplying the region of Vitória. There are still a number of traditional Italian dance groups in the state and Italian culture festivals, such as the one held in Venda Nova do Imigrante. In the early 20th century, its current state symbols were adopted. The Arab-Brazilians of Espírito Santo are generally Maronite Christians. There are considerable reserves of limestone, marble, manganese, ilmenite, bauxite, zirconium, monazites and rare earths, although not all are being explored. Espírito Santo stands out in this sector. A third etymology is from the name of a local tribe, borrowed by the Portuguese during the colonial period. The total number of chickens in the state is approximately 9.2 million birds, and that of cattle exceeds 1.8 million heads.

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